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3.1.1 Child in Need Plans and Reviews

Please see relevant section of Forms Library to access the required template.

RELATED CHAPTER

Placing and Visiting Children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities or Health Conditions in Long-Term Residential Settings

AMENDMENT

This chapter was updated in November 2018 when a new Section 4, Children in Need Moving to Another Authority - Principles was added. Whenever a child in need moves, information sharing and communication between the respective local authorities is important to ensure the continuation of appropriate services for the child and family and, where relevant, any risk of harm is recognised and identified with the receiving local authority.


Contents

  1. Children in Need Planning Meetings
  2. Child in Need Plans
  3. Reviews of Child in Need Plans
  4. Children in Need Moving to Another Authority - Principles


1. Children in Need Planning Meetings

Children in Need Planning Meetings will follow a Single Assessment, where the assessment has concluded that a package of family support is required to meet the child's needs under Section 17 of the Children Act 1989.

The Planning Meeting provides an opportunity for a child and their parents/carers, together with key agencies, to identify and agree the package of services required and to develop the Child in Need Plan.

All Children in Need Planning Meetings should be attended by the child (depending on age and understanding), parents/carers and those agencies whose potential/actual contribution is recommended as an outcome of the assessment.

The relevant social worker should discuss potential attendees for the Planning Meeting with the child and the parents/carers prior to arrangements being made for the meeting.

It is important that an appropriate venue suitable for the child and their family is used for the meeting. Consideration must be given to transport, timing and any child care issues. Where a child is attending a meeting and is of school age the meeting should be held outside of school time, wherever possible.

The allocated worker or a senior practitioner/line manager will usually chair the first Planning Meeting.

The allocated worker is responsible for convening the meeting and arranging invitations.

The Chair will take a note of the meeting. This record will be copied to those involved, including the child and parent/s, who will need to sign their agreement.


2. Child in Need Plans

The Child in Need Plan must identify the named worker from Children’s Social Care Services or the Children’s Disability Team, any resources or services that will be needed to achieve the planned outcomes within the agreed timescales and who is responsible for which action and the time-scale involved.

In particular, the Child in Need Plan should:

  • Describe the identified developmental needs of the child, and any services required;
  • Include specific, achievable, child-focused outcomes intended to promote and safeguard the welfare of the child;
  • Include realistic strategies and specific actions to achieve the planned outcomes;
  • Include a contingency plan to be followed if circumstances change significantly and require prompt action;
  • Included timescales that are not too short or unachievable;
  • Not be dependent on resources which are known to be scarce or unavailable;
  • Clearly identify the roles and responsibilities of professionals and family members, including the nature and frequency of contact by professionals with children and family members;
  • Lay down points at which progress will be reviewed and the means by which it will be judged.

The Chair of the Children in Need Planning Meeting is responsible for the distribution of the Child in Need Plan. A copy of the Child in Need Plan should be provided to the parents, child (if old enough) and the agencies or other professionals involved in the provision of services under the Plan.

The named worker from Children’s Social Care Services or the Children’s Disability Team will be responsible for implementing the plan including making referrals to appropriate agencies for services as described in the plan.

Where it becomes necessary to make minor adjustments to the plan and services provided, any changes to the plan must be made in consultation with the parents and the child (where appropriate) and key professionals from other agencies. 


3. Reviews of Child in Need Plans

Reviews will be conducted at intervals agreed with the named worker’s Team Manager, which will be at least every 3months, unless there are exceptional circumstances when timescales can be longer e.g. in the case of children with disabilities for whom the timescale for review is every 6 months.

If there are significant changes in the family circumstances, an early review should take place.

Any child protection or safeguarding issues, which arise during the course of a Child in Need Plan, must be responded to in line with the East Riding Safeguarding Children Partnership Procedures and Guidance.

The named worker from Children’s Social Care Services or the Children’s Disability Team will usually carry out the Review and should invite or seek the views of the child, parents and any service providers.

The Review will generally take place within a meeting, unless the manager agrees otherwise. The named worker will usually chair the meeting, unless their Team Manager considers it appropriate to chair the meeting or arrange for an advanced social work practitioner to act as chair.

The purpose of the Review is to ensure that the services provided are contributing to the achievement of the objectives within the time-scales set.

All discussions held and key decisions made should be recorded on the Child in Need Review Form on Azeus and dated.

In relation to the first review of Child in Need Plans for children after their 13th birthday, any issues around substance misuse should be considered – through the use of a screening tool - in which case it will be recorded on Azeus that the screening tool has been completed - see Substance Misuse Treatment Services (including Substance Misuse Screening Tool and Guidance).

A copy of the Review Record should be sent to the child (if old enough), parent and all other participants in the Review process.

The outcome of a Review will be:

  1. That the child is no longer a Child in Need requiring Safeguarding Team/Children’s Disability Team intervention, which will result in a recommendation to the relevant team manager that the case be closed and if appropriate the identification of a Lead Professional from a different agency to continue working with the child;
  2. That the child continues to be a Child in Need requiring the same level of services, resulting in the continuing provision of services and minor amendment, as necessary, of the Child in Need Plan;
  3. That the child appears to be suffering or likely to suffer Significant Harm, resulting in the need for a Strategy Discussion/Meeting and possible Section 47 Enquiry.

Where the outcome of the Review is an amendment to the Child in Need Plan, the named worker should circulate a copy of the amended Plan to the child, parents, and other agencies/professionals involved in providing the services set out in the amended Plan, including any new services to be provided.


4. Children in Need Moving to Another Authority - Principles

This section deals with children who are subject to Children in Need Plans and who move to another local authority. The principles apply to local authorities in the circumstances of both transferring out and receiving in Children in Need.

In a number of situations, a move by children and their families to another local authority may be a positive option. However, where the move appears unplanned or children and their families have moved on more than one occasion in a short space of time, any assessment should consider whether the child is subject to trafficking or modern slavery (see Single Assessments Procedure).

  • When a Child in Need moves from one local authority area to another, the Children Act 1989 is clear that the responsibility for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of the child lies with the local authority where the child is to be found;
  • Given the child has already been identified as having particular needs or as being vulnerable in some way, urgent consideration / assessment should be given as to the impact of the move for the child in respect of their vulnerability, for example, through changes in the protective factors, increased risk with known perpetrators or whether they might be subject to trafficking or modern slavery;
  • Given the circumstances, and in line with the above, a timely response should be made with regard to levels of assessed risk;
  • The parent/carer should be made aware of their responsibility to ensure the child receives appropriate education and health support in the area they plan to move to, together with any other specialist service required for the child;
  • The social worker should assist the family to access relevant and appropriate services with regard to meeting the child’s needs. Any deficits in services to meet specific needs by the receiving local authority should be noted;
  • The local authority Children’s Social Care Services where the child and family are moving to should be formally notified and all relevant information should be shared:
    • Social work assessment;
    • Child in Need Plan;
    • Minutes of latest Child in Need Review;
    • A summary / case report.
  • Parent / carer’s permission should be sought to share this information with the receiving local authority in line with Information Sharing Advice for Safeguarding Practitioners.

    However, the Data Protection Act should never be a barrier to ‘sharing information where the failure to do so would result in a child or vulnerable adult being placed at risk of harm’ or indeed on those occasions where seeking consent might increase the risk of harm.

    Otherwise, the social worker or team manager, should consider seeking advice from their Caldicott Guardian or their Legal Services;
  • The social worker should ensure that other agencies involved in the Child in Need Plan are made aware and prepared to ensure that their relevant information is shared as soon as possible with their respective counterparts in the area the family have moved to, (for example school and GP records, etc.);
  • The social workers and team managers of the respective authorities should ensure there is clear and good communication during any transition and any risks are clearly communicated and understood.

    Where possible, the social worker should seek to meet their counterpart and where geography allows, to consider a joint visit and attendance at the Child in Need Meeting, so that the issues can be fully shared. The process should reflect the family’s needs and any associated risks;
  • Where there is dispute about case responsibility; delay in the receiving local authority accepting responsibility of the case, or a dispute about Children in Need thresholds, the team manager should promptly notify the Service Manager who should make a decision regarding next steps, including, where necessary, to take legal advice;
  • The family should be kept informed of any respective responsibilities during a transition stage and when the receiving local authority, (where the family reside), take full responsibilities;
  • Receiving local authorities should seek to convene a Child in Need Meeting within 20 working days of the family being resident in their area and include all relevant agencies and, where possible, the social worker and other specialist staff where the child and family have moved from;
  • All actions, decisions and arrangements should be fully recorded on the child’s case record during this process. This should include management decisions, which should identify the rationale for any decisions made, especially where specific services cannot be provided and/or it is considered the child is no longer a Child in Need.

End